MALALA YOUSAFZAI

Pakistani human rights advocate and activist for female education all over the world. Malala Yousafzai was seriously injured in the 2012 gun attack by terrorist group Tehreek-e-Taliban in retaliation for her activism. Nobel Prize Laureate (2014).

In 2009, 11-year-old Malala got famous as a BBC blogger chronicling life under Taliban rule in Pakistan's north-western Swat valley and explaining her view on female education and its development.

In late 2009, the Pakistani military started a large-scale offensive against militants forcing them to withdraw from the valley.

Malala Yousafzai received the first prize of the annual National Youth Peace Prize for her diary.

On 9 October 2012, a gunman shot Yousafzai as she rode home on a bus from school in Pakistan's Swat Valley. According to reports, a masked gunman demanded to know where Malala was and, upon being identified, Yousafzai was shot with one bullet, which travelled from the side of her left eye, through her neck and landed in her shoulder, wounding two other girls. Yousafzai was airlifted to a hospital in Peshawar. She was in coma with slim chances of survival.

A group of 50 Islamic clerics in Pakistan issued a fatwā – a ruling of Islamic law – against the Taliban gunmen who tried to kill Yousafzai. After her condition stabilized, the Pakistani government arranged her flight to the UK. She received further treatment in Birmingham, England. Her father said that she’d come back to Pakistan once recovered.

On 16 October 2012, Interior Minister Rehman Malik has announced that the Sitara-e-Shujaat award for civilian bravery will be granted to Malala Yousafzai for public opposition to Taliban’s tyranny against female education. On 24 March 2013, Pakistani High Commissioner to United Kingdom Syed Ibne Abbas conferred the award on Malala Yousafzai.

On her 16th birthday July 12 2013, Malala made a public address at the UN HQ in New York.

On 8 October 2013, her autobiographic book ‘I Am Malala: The Story of the Girl Who Stood Up for Education and was Shot by the Taliban’, co-written with Christina Lamb, was published in the UK. On the same day, Taliban’s spokesman Shahidullah Shahid commented on the release saying “if we get another chance, we will definitely kill her. Islam prohibits killing women…except those that support the infidels in their war against our religion.” The memoir was translated in 2014 into four Indian languages — Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam and Marathi.

The book was published in Russia in 2015 by editorial group Azbuka-Attikus. The audio book edition, narrated by Neela Vaswani, won the 2015 Grammy Award for Best Children's Album.

In 2013, she received the Anna Politkovskaya Award and the Sakharov Prize.

In 2014 she became a Nobel Prize Laureate, shared with Kailash Satyarthi, "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education".

At 17, she became the youngest winner of a Nobel Prize in its history. On 12 July 2015, Malala founded a school for Syrian refugee girls in Lebanon. In 2014, she received the Philadelphia Liberty Medal from the National Constitution Center.